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S4 Skills and Techniques
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INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
Areas of the Course
 
-         Essential skills and techniques of the game
-         Collecting general and specific information on performance
-         Explain why the methods you used were appropriate
-         Describe the strengths and weaknesses of your overall game
-         Describe the strengths and weaknesses of your weakest skill (Overhead Clear)
-         Design a skill training programme using Methods of Practice (Shadowing, Partner Practice, Combination Practice, Conditioned game, Pressure Practice)
-         Explain the different Stages of Learning and recognise the stage you are at
-         Apply the Principles of Effective Practice to your Training Programme (Strengths and Weaknesses, Objectives, Training Time, Vary Practices)
-         The importance of Motivation, Concentration and Feedback during training
-         How to monitor progress during training
-         Give examples of how to change practices half way through programme
-         Why is it important to monitor progress
-         How did you monitor progress at end of programme
-         How did improving your weakest skill improve your overall game
 
 
 
 
 
 
INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
13th January 2011
Practical session
 
Today’s Focus
 
Today we will collect information on our whole performance in Badminton using a match analysis sheet and by the end of the lesson we will know why using this method was appropriate.
 
Process
-         Play full court game of singles to 21
-         Play against someone of a similar ability
-         A Match analysis sheet is filled out (name shots or draw out sheet)
-         Observer sits at back of court and marks down the shots that are successful with a tick, unsuccessful with a cross and the shots that win rallies with a tick with a circle round it.
-         At end of game I met with observer and teacher and got feedback from them and from the sheet and decided what my weakest shot was.
Why this method was appropriate
-         Playing a full game of singles up to 21 gives an accurate reflection of your overall ability. This may not happen if you played to 11 as you may be playing unusually well or poorly.
-         Playing someone of similar ability if vital so you can get accurate information on your game. If you played someone too good you may not get enough rallies and if you played someone of a lesser ability your weakest shot may not be highlighted.
-         The observer is un-distracted to fill out accurately and has a good knowledge of all the shots and the game.
-         Important to go over results with teacher and observer at end to get extra input.
 
INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
14th January 2011
 
Today’s Focus
 
Today you will learn about the essential skills and techniques in Badminton and how to construct a 4/4 answer in the exam on this area. 
We will also examine gathering general data in Badminton and be able to describe this and say why this method was appropriate to use.
-         5 Quick Questions
-         Look at essential skills and techniques in game
-         Examine a 4/4 sample answer
-         Write up own answer using paragraphs
-         Homework on collecting data
 
 
 
Essential Skills Sample Answer
 
Q.   Describe the essential skills and techniques required to perform well in Badminton. (4)
 
There are a number of essential skills and techniques required to perform well in Badminton.
 
A High Serve played right to the back of the court is vital in pushing your opponent to the back of the court at the start of the rally. A weak return could result in an easy smash.
 
Overhead Clears are played from the back of the court and should land in the back of your opponent’s court. Overhead Clears that are strong and high to the back of the court give a performer time to recover from being under pressure and it also forces the opponent to the back of the court which could also result in a weak return.
 
Drop Shots are played from the back of the court and should land just over the net. Drop shots are essential in moving opponents to the front of the court and because the preparation of the drop shot looks the same as a an overhead clear the opponent could be fooled into thinking the shot was going to the back of the court. The drop shot helps utilise the singles tactics of moving your opponent to the back and then the front of the court.
 
The Smash is the most attacking shot in the game therefore it is essential to perform well. A powerful smash can end rallies quickly, which can be useful in matches where fitness may be a problem! Also it can force a weak shot from your opponent, which you can punish with your next shot.
 
Fluent movement is also essential to perform well in Badminton. Even if you can perform all the above techniques well if your movement is poor then you will be unable to reach the shuttle in a controlled manner. Returning to ‘base’ after each shot and arriving in time to play the shuttle is vital, particularly in the game of singles.
 
Good decision making is of real importance because it is vital to play the right shots at the right time for example a drop shot should be played when your opponent is pushed right to the back of the court.
 
4/4
 
Homework Question
 
How did you collect general information on your performance in Badminton?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
20th January 2011
 
Today’s Focus
Today we will analyse the general analysis sheet completed last week and will be able to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of our overall game.
 
-         5 Quick revision questions
-         Look at a completed General analysis sheet (match analysis sheet) and take main points from this.
-         Answer exam question on strengths and weaknesses
-         Compare answer to sample answer
 
What were your Strengths and Weaknesses in your overall performance?
 
Sample Answer
 
In terms of the Strengths of my performance it was clear that my High Serve was a strength. 37/40 of my High Serves were successful and this gave me a good starting point in my singles game pushing my opponent to the back of the court. 
 
Although I didn’t play many net shots I won 2 rallies with my net shot which indicated this was another strength of mine.
 
I was also quite good at defending Smashes and managed to successfully play 15/18 lifts and put them right to the back of the court to give me time to recover.
 
My main weakness was my Overhead Clear. Although I wasn’t missing the shot I was only able to clear the shuttle halfway up the court which led to an easy smash for my opponent. Also because I couldn’t clear it very far I never gave myself enough time to recover. I always felt I was rushing about the court in an uncontrolled manner. Looking at the match analysis sheet just under 50% of my Overhead Clears were unsuccessful.
 
 
When given the opportunity I did play a number of smashes and 40% of the Smashes I played won the rally. I would like to improve on this success rate.
 
I did attempt a few drop shots in the game, none of which won a rally but I only made 3 errors with this shot. I will also need add more variety to my shots and play this more often.
 
INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
20th January 2011
 
Today’s Focus
Practical
We will gather information on our weakest skill – the Overhead Clear and by the end of the period understand why this method of gathering data is appropriate to use.
 
Process
-         Feeder hits 20 high serves to various points at the back of the court
-         I return each high serve with an Overhead Clear trying to get it to the back of the court
-         The whole process is videoed
-         At the end I sit down with the teacher, watch the video back and fill in a movement analysis sheet (Prep/Action/Recovery sheet).
-         This sheet has all the points of a model performer performing the Overhead Clear. I tick the points I do well and cross the points I do not do. If I sometimes do the point I put a ?.
Why this method was appropriate
-         20 serves gives an accurate reflection of my Overhead Clear and because the feeds are varied it is more game like.
-         A video allows me to watch my shot over and over and watch back at another time
-         The video gives a permanent record of my performance
-         I can compare myself to a model performer using the movement analysis sheet (PAR sheet)
-         I can see exactly where my strengths and weaknesses lie in my Overhead Clear.
 
INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
21st January 2011
 
Today’s Focus
We will improve our answers on collecting specific information on our performance. We will be able to explain why this method of collecting data was appropriate.
-         5 Quick Questions on Badminton made up by groups for other groups!
-         Revise collecting specific data
-         Note down why this method was appropriate.
-         Read through sample answers
-         Attempt prelim question 5 a) b) c)
 
Sample Answers
How did you collect specific information about your weakest skill?
 
After completing my match analysis sheet and discussing this with my observer and teacher, it was obvious that the Overhead Clear was my weakest skill. I then decided to look at my Overhead Clear in more detail by completing a movement analysis sheet which compares my Overhead Clear to the Preparation, Action and Recovery of a model performer. 
 
A Feeder served 20 High Serves to various positions at the back of the court which I attempted to return with an Overhead Clear every time. This was recorded on video by a pupil at the back of the court. Once I had done this I watched back the footage with my teacher. We then completed the movement analysis sheet (P/A/R sheet) together. The movement analysis sheet breaks down the Overhead Clear into 3 sections for example in the Preparation section it says ‘Performer turns side on’ in the Action section it says ‘action resembles a throwing action’ and in the recovery section it says ‘performer returns to base’. There were many technique points for each section.   I would tick each point of criteria if I was doing it successfully, I was cross the point of criteria if I was not doing it successfully and I would put a ? beside it if I sometimes completed it correctly because not every Overhead Clear I played was exactly the same. 
 
After completing this movement analysis sheet with my teacher I knew exactly where my strengths and weaknesses were in performing the Overhead Clear.
 
4/4
 
Why was this method of collecting specific data appropriate?
 
This method of collecting information was appropriate as it highlighted the exact areas in my technique that needed improving. My technique was also recorded on video which allowed me to watch my action many times, use slow motion and pause to get an accurate picture of my technique. It also gave me a permanent record to refer back to at any time – particularly the end of the training programme to check on my progress. 
 
I also watched the video footage back with my teacher and filled in the movement analysis sheet. She was able to help me with some of the more difficult points that I may not have been able to recognise myself, which led to a much more accurate analysis. Also by serving 20 shuttles this gave an accurate picture of my Overhead Clear plus by serving the shuttle to various points at the back of the court this made for a more realistic game like situation.
 
3/3
 
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REMINDER
 
GENERAL DATA                       SPECIFIC DATA
Match Analysis Sheet                 Movement Analysis Sheet (P/A/R)
Looks at whole game                 Looks at weakest shot (Overhead Clear)
 
 
 
HOMEWORK for Thursday 27th Jan
 
Look over the first three questions from Q5 in the Skills and Techniques section from December’s Prelim. Using your knowledge from Badminton over the last two weeks, and the sample answers to help you, complete these questions to the very best of your ability. YOU SHOULD BE ACHIEVING FULL MARKS!
 
Q5 Skills and Techniques December Prelim (Past Paper Q5, 2009)
 
a)     Describe one method you used to collect data about your whole performance. (4)
 
b)    Now describe one method you used to collect data about a specific skill in your performance. (3)
 
c)     Explain why both methods you used to collect data were appropriate. (4)
 
INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
27th January 2011
 
We will be looking at writing up detailed answers on the analysis of our weakest skill the Overhead Clear and begin to prepare a skill training programme to improve this skill.
 
- Collect homework
-         5 Quick Questions
-         Table on strengths and weaknesses of Overhead Clear
-         Sample answer on weakest skill
-         Complete exam question under time constraint (10 mins)
 

Strengths of Overhead Clear
Weaknesses of Overhead Clear
 
Starts from Base
 
Performer tracks path of shuttle and begins moving towards place shuttle will be played
 
Continue to add in points
 
 
 
 
 
While moving Body turns side-on to net
 
Weight shifts mainly onto back foot
 
Continue to add in points
 

 
Exam questions where this information can be used
 
Describe one skill or technique that you regard as a weakness in your performance. (4)
 
Describe the strengths and weaknesses of your weakest skill. (4)
 
Sample Answer 
 
Describe the strengths and weaknesses of your weakest skill. (4)
 
After completing the match analysis sheet that looked at my whole performance in a game situation I carried out a movement analysis sheet that analysed my overhead clear and compared my performance to a model performer.
 
The main problem with my overhead clear started from me not turning my body completely side on when preparing to hit the shuttle. Although I was not facing the front which is impossible to play an overhead clear from, I was not quite side on either – I was somewhere in between the two. With me not turning side on in the preparation, I was not able to transfer my weight form the back foot to the front foot because I did not have a back foot, not being side on. Transferring weight from the back foot to the front foot is really importing when generating power into the shot which should be reaching the back tramlines – this was not happening in my shots as they were only reaching half way up the court. Another consequence of not transferring my weight was I could not continue to move forward in a continuous way and into a natural recovery into the base position. This did not leave me in the best position for the next shot and led to some clumsy footwork.
 
One other weakness in my overhead clear was that I did not hit the shuttle with an open racket face. This led to my clear being too flat and not gaining the required height to push my opponent right to the back of the court. 
 
There were strengths in my technique. In my preparation I raised both arms and when I hit the shuttle I did bring my racket through at speed to generate power and I did use a throwing action which is also important for power.
 
In summary the main problem for me was I was not hitting the shuttle far enough back or hitting it with enough height. This was all due to me not turning side on and opening the face of my racket on impact.
 
YOU HAVE 10 MINS TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION
 
Avoid using lists of points to answer this question this will result in limited marks – instead try to explain what happens as a result of your weakness.
 
 
INTERMEDIATE 1 / INTERMEDIATE 2
 
SKILLS AND TECHNIQUES
                                                                    
28th January 2011
 
By the end of this lesson you will be able to write up a detailed skill training programme to improve your overhead clear. You will also be able to explain why each of the methods of practice used are good.
 
-         5 Quick Questions
-         Each group will describe a method of practice, either Shadowing, Partner Practice, Combination Practice, Conditioned Game. This description will be shared round each group and should be of a good quality. All practices should be copied into your notes.
-         Exam question for to be finished for homework for next Thur.
 
Exam questions where this information could be used
 
Describe in detail a programme of work you used to help your performance become more like a model performer. (5)
 
Describe 2 methods of practice you used to develop the skill or technique you identified as a weakness. (4)
 
Describing the programme of work you used will come up in the exam so have good quality answers ready for this.
 
Sample answer
 
Describe in detail an improvement programme you used to develop your skills and techniques. (4)
 
In Badminton I used a skill training programme to improve my Overhead Clear and my overall game. I started each session with a warm-up of overhead clears and touched the service line after each clear.
 
The first practice I carried out was Shadowing, which is when I go through the motions of hitting a Smash without making contact with a shuttle. I ensured I was side on, transferred my weight into the shot and used a throwing action, returning to base after each shot.  I done this practice for 1 minute and got feedback from my teacher on my technique. This practice is good because there is no pressure on you and you get to improve your technique.
 
The second practice I carried out was a Partner Practice and this is when my partner hits a high serve and I raised both arms and caught the shuttle with my left hand.  This was good as it got me in the correct side on position to hit the shuttle. To progress from this I carried out another Partner Practice where my partner fed 20 shuttles for me to return with an overhead clear and I got feedback on my performance as I carried out the practice. This is a good practice because it is slightly harder than the Shadowing as I am now making contact with the shuttle but there is very little pressure.
 
The third practice I carried out was a Combination practice. This is when I play a set combination of shots and try and keep the rally going. The combination I used was
-         High Serve
-         Overhead Clear
-         Drop Shot
-         Lift
-         Repeat from Overhead Clear
 
A Combination practice is good because it works on my weakest shot and other important shots in the game. It also produces rallies that are like game situations.
 
The last practice I carried out was a Conditioned Game where I played a game of full court singles game where I had to start every rally with a High serve followed by 2 overhead clears – we then played out the rally as normal. The Overhead Clears had to cross at least halfway up the court. If they did not reach half way the opponent would get the point. This was to encourage me to play the Smash in a game situation. 
 
To finish off my improvement programme I played several full court games of singles against people in my class to put all my work on the Overhead Clear into practice.
 
HOMEWORK FOR THURSDAY FEB 3rd
 
Describe in detail a programme of work you used to help your performance become more like a model performer. (5)